MARRANO

MARRANO
MARRANO, term of opprobium used to denigrate the New Christians of Spain and Portugal. Various origins for the term have been suggested. These include the Hebrew marit ayin ("the appearance of the eye"), referring to the fact that the Marranos were ostensibly Christian but actually Judaizers; moḥoram attah ("you are excommunicated"); the Aramaic-Hebrew Mar Anus ("Mr. forced convert"); the Hebrew mumar ("apostate") with the Spanish ending ano; the Arabic mura'in ("hypocrite"); and the second word of the ecclesiastical imprecation anathema maranatha. However, all such derivations are unlikely. The most probable, as clearly shown by Farinelli's study, is from the Spanish word meaning swine, a word already in use in the early Middle Ages, though Y. Malkiel argues plausibly for a derivation from the late Arabic barrān, barrānī, meaning an outsider or stranger, and a coalescence of this word with the term marrano "pig, pork" derived from Latin verres "wild boar." The term probably did not originally refer to the Judaizers' reluctance to eat pork, as some scholars hold. From its earliest use, it was intended to impart the sense of loathing conveyed by the word in other languages. Although romanticized and regarded by later Jewry as a badge of honor, the term was not as widely used, especially in official circles, as is often believed. In Latin America as a rule it is not found in official documents and there is little evidence of its unofficial use in most places. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, Marranos, 27f.; A. Farinelli, Marrano: storia di un vituperio (1925), 36; Y. Malkiel, in: JOAS, 68 (1948), 175–84. (Martin A. Cohen)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • marrano — marrano, na adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Uso/registro: coloquial. Pragmática: intensificador. Que es muy sucio: Yo no vuelvo a ese bar, hacía tiempo que no veía un sitio tan marrano. 2. Que tiene malas intenciones o hace marranadas …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • marrano — (ant. marano) s.m. [dallo sp. marrano porco , prob. dall arabo maḥram cosa proibita ]. 1. (lett.) [chi non tiene fede alla parola data] ▶◀ (lett.) fedifrago, (lett.) fellone, traditore. 2. (estens., scherz.) [persona che si comporta con rozzezza… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • marrano — marrano, na sustantivo 1) (animal) cerdo, cochino. adjetivo y sustantivo 2) coloquial sucio, desaseado*, cochino (coloquial), puerco (coloquial). * * * …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • Marrano — Jew or Moor converted to Christianity, 1580s, from Spanish, probably lit. pig, swine, an expression of contempt, from Arabic muharram forbidden thing (eating of pork is forbidden by Muslim and Jewish religious law), from haruma was forbidden (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • marrano — adj. s. m. 1. Designação injuriosa que se dava aos muçulmanos e judeus que viviam em Portugal. 2.  [Portugal: Trás os Montes] Porco já crescido. • adj. 3. Imundo. 4. Excomungado …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Marrano — [mə rä′nō] n. pl. Marranos [Sp, lit., swine (expression of contempt) < Ar muḥarram, forbidden thing] [also m ] during the Spanish Inquisition, a Jew who professed Christianity to escape death or persecution, often continuing to observe Judaism …   English World dictionary

  • Marrano — (De origen incierto.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 Madero que sujeta las paletas de una rueda hidráulica con el eje. 2 Madero que sirve para igualar la presión en las presas de los molinos de aceite. 3 Madero que forma la cadena del fondo de un pozo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • marrano — Del árabe vlg. mahran , cosa prohibida, porque los musulmanes tienen vedada la carne de cerdo. • Más marrano que la pata un pato. (loc.) (col.) (Andalucía) • Más marrano que la Pisebrona. (loc.) (col.) • Más marrano que la Tota. (loc.) (col.) Muy …   Diccionario Jaén-Español

  • Marrano — No debe confundirse con Morrano (Huesca). Etimológicamente proviene del árabe moharrama. El origen de la palabra marrano utilizada de forma despectiva con los judíos conversos de España y Portugal es controvertido. Etimológicamente parece… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marrano — Marranos: Secret Seder in Spain during the times of inquisition, painting by Moshe Maimon Marranos were Jews living in the Iberian peninsula who were forced to convert to Christianity but continued to observe Judaism in secret. The term came into …   Wikipedia

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